In order to keep up with rapid change, organizations must learn continuously and innovate. As the RARE president in 1999 mandated at the moment of PUP’s creation that it identify plan implementation barriers and build a model to circumvent them, research became critical to the organizational culture. Since then, PUP has been researching and integrating new knowledge from many fields and experiences to its model. Consider the following:
In 2001 RARE hired two external evaluators to evaluate PUP’s materials and approach: Drs. Stephen McCool of the University of Montana (global expert in wildlands planning and management) and Sam Ham of the University of Idaho (guru of environmental interpretation and its application to protected areas). Their comments confirmed and improved PUP.
After the first PUP training in Antigua, Guatemala that lasted a grueling 40 days, PUP coordinators Jon Kohl and Susan Wofsy wrote a scathing self-evaluation in 2002 applauded by RARE’s leaders. PUP used the report to completely redesign the training.
In 2002, Jon Kohl served as external academic advisor to Duke University Master’s student, Austin Lane, in her thesis research on plan implementation barriers, “Obstacles to Implementing Strategic Plans: A Study of Honduran Protected Areas (2003).”
“Park Planning for Life.” (March/April 2002). Legacy, magazine of the National Interpretation Association.
“Converting Unseen and Unexpected Barriers to Park Plan Implementation into Manageable and Expected Challenges.” (April 2006). IUCN’s Parks.
“Mental Models that Block Strategic Plan Implementation.” (May 2006). Reflections, Society for Organizational Learning.
In 2006, PUP collaborated with The Nature Conservancy and CATIE university to study implementation barriers for Costa Rican National Park management plans. Results published (2007) as a TNC technical paper, “Barreras para la Implementación de los Planes de Manejo de las Áreas Silvestres Protegidas de Costa Rica” by Gabriel Robles, Nelly Vásquez, Róger Morales, Jon Kohl and Bernal Herrera.
In 2008, PUP participated in the “Meeting of the Minds: Limits of Acceptable Change and Public Use Planning,” seminar sponsored by the Center for Protected Area Management and Training, Colorado State University.
“Managing the Tourism Flood in Central Vietnam.” (February 2011). UNESCO’s World Heritage.
In 2014, Vietnamese student at Meiji University in Tokyo studies “Community participation in tourism planning: Case study of Public Use Planning in Hoi An Ancient City, Vietnam”
“World Heritage City Évora, Portugal Transcends Multi-stakeholder Conflict through New Participatory Public Use Planning Process.” (2015-2016). Mátria Digital.
Upcoming Publications and Research
“Superando barreras de implementación causada por la Racional Comprensiva en los planes de manejo de áreas protegidas: Estudio de Caso de Costa Rica,” monograph by Jon Kohl and Bernal Herrera to be published in PUP Monograph Series.
“Role of authenticity in applying the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum to all types of heritage site,” by Jon Kohl & Steve McCool. This paper modifies the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum to include cultural heritage sites in collaboration. Uses Fort Jesus National Monument in Mombasa, Kenya as the case study.
Research paper on condition-based protected area zoning model. Jon Kohl, & Bernal Herrera.